Flexion Therapeutics, Inc.
Flexion Therapeutics Inc (Form: 10-Q, Received: 05/05/2017 16:06:24)

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2017

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                 TO                

Commission file number: 001-36287

 

Flexion Therapeutics , Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

 

26-1388364

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

 

10 Mall Road, Suite 301

Burlington, Massachusetts

 

01803

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(Zip Code)

(781) 305-7777

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark whether registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act

 

Indicate by check mark whether registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).       Yes       No

As of May 1, 2017 the registrant had 31,757,692 shares of Common Stock ($0.001 par value) outstanding.

1


 

 

 

FLEXION THERAPEUTICS, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 (Unaudited)

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 (Unaudited)

4

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 (Unaudited)

5

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

6

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

14

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

20

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

20

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

21

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

21

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

22

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

22

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

22

 

Item 5. Other Information

22

 

Item 6. Exhibits

23

 

 

2


PART I. FINANCI AL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

Flexion Therapeutics, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited in thousands, except share amounts)

 

 

 

March 31,

2017

 

 

December 31,

2016

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

42,921

 

 

$

30,915

 

Marketable securities

 

 

142,896

 

 

 

174,688

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

4,307

 

 

 

3,790

 

Total current assets

 

$

190,124

 

 

$

209,393

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

11,841

 

 

 

11,664

 

Long-term investments

 

 

1,728

 

 

 

4,725

 

Restricted cash

 

 

600

 

 

 

480

 

Total assets

 

$

204,293

 

 

$

226,262

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

2,210

 

 

$

2,161

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

 

5,815

 

 

 

6,245

 

Current portion of long-term debt

 

 

9,967

 

 

 

9,134

 

Total current liabilities

 

$

17,992

 

 

$

17,540

 

Long-term debt

 

 

19,908

 

 

 

21,399

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

294

 

 

 

291

 

Total liabilities

 

$

38,194

 

 

$

39,230

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized at March 31, 2017

   and December 31, 2016 and 0 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2017

   and December 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 31,752,692 and

31,667,469 shares issued and outstanding, at March 31, 2017 and

   December 31, 2016, respectively

 

 

32

 

 

 

32

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

401,694

 

 

 

398,757

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

(62

)

 

 

(71

)

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(235,565

)

 

 

(211,686

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

166,099

 

 

 

187,032

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

204,293

 

 

$

226,262

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

3


Flexion Therapeutics, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

(Unaudited in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

Revenue

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

10,756

 

 

 

11,981

 

 

General and administrative

 

 

13,026

 

 

 

4,692

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

23,782

 

 

 

16,673

 

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(23,782

)

 

 

(16,673

)

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

557

 

 

 

336

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

(632

)

 

 

(276

)

 

Other income (expense), net

 

 

(22

)

 

 

(202

)

 

Total other income (expense)

 

 

(97

)

 

 

(142

)

 

Net loss

 

$

(23,879

)

 

$

(16,815

)

 

Net loss per share basic and diluted

 

$

(0.75

)

 

$

(0.78

)

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic and diluted

 

 

31,704

 

 

 

21,570

 

 

Other comprehensive (loss) income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gains from available-for-sale securities, net of tax

   of $0

 

 

9

 

 

 

(89

)

 

Total other comprehensive (loss) income

 

 

9

 

 

 

(89

)

 

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(23,870

)

 

$

(16,904

)

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

4


Flexion Therapeutics, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited in thousands)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(23,879

)

 

$

(16,815

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

 

453

 

 

 

186

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

2,378

 

 

 

1,641

 

Amortization of premium (discount) on marketable securities

 

 

155

 

 

 

196

 

Other non-cash charges

 

 

11

 

 

 

9

 

Loss on disposal of fixed assets

 

 

 

 

 

2,278

 

Premium paid on securities purchased

 

 

(264

)

 

 

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

 

 

 

39

 

Prepaid expenses, other current and long-term assets

 

 

(517

)

 

 

(572

)

Accounts payable

 

 

138

 

 

 

(1,009

)

Accrued expenses and other current and long-term liabilities

 

 

131

 

 

 

51

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(21,394

)

 

 

(13,996

)

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(1,018

)

 

 

(3,094

)

Change in restricted cash

 

 

(120

)

 

 

 

Purchases of marketable securities

 

 

(25,450

)

 

 

(3,006

)

Sale and redemption of marketable securities

 

 

60,328

 

 

 

16,097

 

Discount received on securities purchased

 

 

29

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

 

33,769

 

 

 

9,997

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Payment of debt issuance costs

 

 

 

 

 

(42

)

Payments on notes payable

 

 

(833

)

 

 

 

Payments of public offering costs

 

 

(95

)

 

 

 

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

 

 

559

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(369

)

 

 

(42

)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

12,006

 

 

 

(4,041

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

30,915

 

 

 

62,944

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

42,921

 

 

$

58,903

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

469

 

 

$

237

 

Supplemental disclosures of non-cash financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$

234

 

 

$

2,450

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

5


Flexion Therapeutics, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

1. Overview and Nature of the Business

Flexion Therapeutics, Inc. (“Flexion” or the “Company”) was incorporated under the laws of the state of Delaware on November 5, 2007. Flexion is a specialty pharmaceutical company focused on the development and commercialization of novel, local therapies for the treatment of patients with musculoskeletal conditions, beginning with osteoarthritis (“OA”), a type of degenerative arthritis. In May 2016, the U.S Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, informed us that the safety and efficacy data from the registration program for Zilretta TM   (FX006), our lead investigational product candidate, were acceptable to support the submission of a new drug application, or NDA. In December 2016, we submitted the NDA for Zilretta, and in February 2017, we announced that the FDA accepted the Zilretta NDA for filing and has established a user fee goal date under the Prescription Drug User Fee Act, or PDUFA, of October 6, 2017.

The Company is subject to risks and uncertainties common to early-stage companies in the biopharmaceutical industry, including, but not limited to, new technological innovations, dependence on key personnel, protection of proprietary technology, compliance with government regulations, and the ability to secure additional capital to fund operations. Product candidates currently under development will require significant additional research and development efforts, including extensive preclinical and clinical testing and regulatory approval prior to commercialization. These efforts require significant amounts of additional capital, adequate personnel infrastructure and extensive compliance reporting capabilities. The Company’s product candidates are all in the development stage. There can be no assurance that development efforts, including clinical trials, will be successful. Even if the Company’s product development efforts are successful, it is uncertain when, if ever, the Company will realize significant revenue from product sales.

     

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2017, and for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and March 31, 2016, have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) for consolidated financial information including the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiary after elimination of all significant intercompany accounts and transactions. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, these condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments which are necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s financial position and results of its operations, as of and for the periods presented. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 10, 2017.

The information presented in the condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes as of March 31, 2017, and for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and March 31, 2016, is unaudited.  The December 31, 2016 consolidated balance sheet included herein was derived from the audited financial statements as of that date, but does not include all disclosures, including notes, required by GAAP for complete financial statements.

Interim results for the three months ended March 31, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2017, or any future period.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a basis which assumes that the Company will continue as a going concern and which contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. The Company has incurred recurring losses and negative cash flows from operations. As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities, and long-term investments of approximately $187,545,000 and $210,328,000, respectively.  Management believes that current cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities on hand at March 31, 2017, together with the gross proceeds of our offering of approximately $201 million described in note twelve, should be sufficient to fund operations for at least the next twelve months from the date of these financial statements. The future viability of the Company is dependent on its ability to raise additional capital to finance its operations, to fund increased research and development costs in order to seek approval for commercialization of its product candidates, and to successfully commercialize Zilretta, if approved. The Company’s failure to raise capital as and when needed would have a negative impact on its financial condition and its ability to pursue its business strategies as this capital is necessary for the Company to perform the research and development activities required to develop and seek approval for commercialization of the Company’s product candidates, to establish a commercial infrastructure in order to generate future revenue streams, and to successfully commercialize Zilretta, if approved.

6


In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance which supersedes all e xisting revenue recognition requirements, including most industry-specific guidance. The new standard requires a company to recognize revenue when it transfers goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that the company exp ects to receive for those goods or services. In August 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Deferral of the Effective Date. This latest standard defers the effective date of revenue standard ASU 2014-09 by one year and permits early adoption on a limited basis. Since the Company has not generated revenue to date, this guidance will only impact future periods, if any, when revenue is earned.  This update will replace existing revenue recognition gu idance under GAAP when it becomes effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted in the first quarter of 2017. The updated standard will permit the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. The Company is adopting this guidance as of January 1, 2017 and is currently evaluating the potential impact that the adoption of this guidance may have on the Company’s future financial statements.

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, Income Taxes (Topic 740), to simplify the presentation of deferred income taxes. Under the new standard, both deferred tax liabilities and assets are required to be classified as noncurrent in a classified balance sheet. ASU 2015-17 will become effective for fiscal years, and the interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption allowed. Given the Company has a full valuation against its deferred tax assets and liabilities, the impact of adopting this guidance was not material to the Company’s financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (“ASU 2016-02”), to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and liabilities, including for operating leases, on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of this guidance may have on the Company’s financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB released ASU 2016-09, which amends ASC Topic 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation, to require changes to several areas of employee share-based payment accounting in an effort to simplify share-based reporting.  The update revises requirements in the following areas:  minimum statutory withholding, accounting for income taxes, forfeitures, and intrinsic value accounting for private entities.   For public companies, the new rules will become effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim reporting periods within such annual period.  The Company adopted this guidance beginning on January 1, 2017 and no longer records stock compensation expense net of forfeitures.  The Company adopted this guidance using a modified retrospective approach to reflect forfeitures as they occurred in the total stock based compensation expense recorded in the Company’s financial statements. The impact of this adoption was not material to the Company’s financial statements.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of cash flows (Topic 230), to increase the consistency of presentation in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows.  ASU 2016-15 will become effective for fiscal years, and the interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017.  The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact that the adoption of this guidance may have on the Company’s financial statements.

 

Consolidation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Flexion Securities Corporation, Inc. The Company has eliminated all intercompany transactions for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and the year ended December 31, 2016.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and judgments that may affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, expenses and related disclosures. The Company bases estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various other factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. The most significant estimates in these condensed consolidated financial statements include useful lives with respect to long-lived assets, such as property and equipment and leasehold improvements, accounting for stock-based compensation, and accrued expenses, including clinical research costs. The Company’s actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. The Company evaluates its estimates on an ongoing basis. Changes in estimates are reflected in reported results in the period in which they become known by the Company’s management.

7


Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation and amortization expense is recognized using the straight-line method over the following estimated useful lives:

 

 

 

Estimated

Useful Life

(Years)

Computers, office equipment, and minor computer software

 

3

Computer software

 

7

Manufacturing equipment

 

7-10

Furniture and fixtures

 

5

 

Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the lease term or the estimated useful life of the related asset. Costs of major additions and improvements are capitalized and depreciated on a straight-line basis over their useful lives. Repairs and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred. Upon retirement or sale, the cost of assets disposed of and the related accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is credited or charged to income. Property and equipment includes construction-in-progress that is not yet in service.

Foreign Currencies

The Company maintains a bank account denominated in British Pounds.  All foreign currency payables and cash balances are measured at the applicable exchange rate at the end of the reporting period.  All associated gains and losses from foreign currency transactions are reflected in the consolidated statements of operations.

 

 

3. Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities

The following tables present information about the Company’s assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 and indicate the level of the fair value hierarchy utilized to determine such fair value:

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements as of March 31, 2017 Using:

 

(In thousands)

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

$

 

 

$

33,035

 

 

$

 

 

$

33,035

 

Marketable securities

 

 

 

 

 

144,624

 

 

 

 

 

 

144,624

 

 

 

$

 

 

$

177,659

 

 

$

 

 

$

177,659

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements as of December 31, 2016 Using:

 

(In thousands)

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

$

 

 

$

9,830

 

 

$

 

 

$

9,830

 

Marketable securities

 

 

 

 

 

179,414

 

 

 

 

 

 

179,414

 

 

 

$

 

 

$

189,244

 

 

$

 

 

$

189,244

 

 

As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company’s cash equivalents that are invested in money market funds are valued based on Level 2 inputs. The Company measures the fair value of marketable securities, which consist of U.S. government obligations, commercial paper, and corporate bonds, using Level 2 inputs and primarily relies on quoted prices in active markets for similar marketable securities. During the three months ended March 31, 2017 and year ended December 31, 2016, there were no transfers between Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3.

The carrying values of accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, other current assets, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate their fair value due to the short-term nature of these balances.

The Company has a term loan outstanding under its 2015 credit facility with MidCap Financial Funding XIII Trust and Silicon Valley Bank (the “2015 term loan”).  The amount outstanding on its 2015 term loan is reported at its carrying value in the accompanying balance sheet. The Company determined the fair value of the 2015 term loan using an income approach that utilizes a discounted cash flow analysis based on current market interest rates for debt issuances with similar remaining years to maturity, adjusted for credit risk. The 2015 term loan was valued using Level 2 inputs as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016. The result of the calculation yielded a fair value that approximates its carrying value.

 

8


 

4. Marketable Securities

As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 the fair value of available-for-sale marketable securities by type of security was as follows:

 

 

 

March 31, 2017

 

(In thousands)

 

Amortized Cost

 

 

Gross Unrealized

Gains

 

 

Gross Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair Value

 

U.S. Government obligations

 

$

58,012

 

 

$

 

 

$

(26

)

 

$

57,986

 

Commercial Paper

 

 

11,521

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11,521

 

Corporate bonds

 

 

75,153

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

(41

)

 

 

75,117

 

 

 

$

144,686

 

 

$

5

 

 

$

(67

)

 

$

144,624

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2016

 

(In thousands)

 

Amortized Cost

 

 

Gross Unrealized

Gains

 

 

Gross Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair Value

 

Commercial Paper

 

$

7,769

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

7,769

 

U.S. Government obligations

 

 

75,524

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

(12

)

 

 

75,517

 

Corporate Bonds

 

 

96,193

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

(66

)

 

 

96,128

 

 

 

$

179,486

 

 

$

6

 

 

$

(78

)

 

$

179,414

 

 

As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, marketable securities consisted of approximately $142,896,000 and $174,688,000, respectively, of investments that mature within twelve months and approximately $1,728,000 and $4,725,000, respectively, of investments that mature within seventeen months.

 

 

5. Property and Equipment, Net

Property and equipment, net, as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 consisted of the following:

 

(In thousands)

 

March 31,

2017

 

 

December 31,

2016

 

Manufacturing equipment

 

$

10,373

 

 

$

10,099

 

Computers, office equipment, and minor computer software

 

 

659

 

 

 

573

 

Software

 

 

434

 

 

 

434

 

Construction—in progress

 

 

1,495

 

 

 

1,254

 

Furniture and fixtures

 

 

426

 

 

 

402

 

Leasehold improvements

 

 

283

 

 

 

278

 

 

 

 

13,670

 

 

 

13,040

 

Less: Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(1,829

)

 

 

(1,376

)

Total property and equipment, net

 

$

11,841

 

 

$

11,664

 

 

Depreciation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 was approximately $453,000 and $186,000, respectively.  No property and equipment was disposed of during the three months ended March 31, 2017.  Construction in progress is primarily comprised of amounts related to equipment purchased for the Company’s portfolio expansion efforts.

 

       .

 

 

 

9


6.

Prepaid Expenses, Other Current Assets, and Other Assets

Prepaid expenses and other current assets and other assets consisted of the following as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016:

 

 

 

March 31,

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Prepaid expenses

 

$

1,578

 

 

$

1,085

 

Security Deposits

 

 

2,099

 

 

 

2,099

 

Interest receivable on marketable securities

 

 

629

 

 

 

605

 

Employee advances

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

Total prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

$

4,307

 

 

$

3,790

 

 

On December 1, 2016, Flexion paid a refundable NDA fee in the amount of $2,038,100 to the FDA. The Company evaluated each of the published criteria to qualify for a waiver and concluded all criteria were met and thus, obtaining a refund of the fee was probable. As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 the NDA fee was classified as a deposit in other current assets.  On April 20, 2017 we were informed by the FDA that our NDA fee waiver was approved and the NDA fee would be refunded.

 

 

 

 

7. Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following:

 

(In thousands)

 

March 31,

2017

 

 

December 31,

2016

 

Research and Development

 

$

1,140

 

 

$

1,606

 

Payroll and other employee-related expenses

 

 

1,495

 

 

 

3,393

 

Professional services fees

 

 

2,146

 

 

 

926

 

Other

 

 

877

 

 

 

159

 

Interest expense

 

 

157

 

 

 

161

 

Total accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

$

5,815

 

 

$

6,245

 

 

 

8. Stock-Based Compensation

Stock Option Valuation

The fair value of each of the Company’s stock option grants is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The Company currently estimates its expected stock volatility based on the historical volatility of its publicly-traded peer companies and expects to continue to do so until such time as it has adequate historical data regarding the volatility of its own publicly-traded stock price. The expected term of the Company’s stock options has been determined utilizing the “simplified” method for awards that qualify as “plain vanilla” options. The expected term of stock options granted to non-employees is equal to the contractual term of the option award. The risk-free interest rate is determined by reference to the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant of the award for time periods approximately equal to the expected term of the award. Expected dividend yield is based on the fact that the Company has never paid cash dividends and does not expect to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. The relevant data used to determine the value of the stock option grants for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

 

 

Three months ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Risk-free interest rates

 

2.23-2.29%

 

 

1.39-1.90%

 

Expected dividend yield

 

 

0.00

%

 

 

0.00

%

Expected term (in years)

 

 

6.0

 

 

 

6.1

 

Expected volatility

 

71.0-71.6%

 

 

83.8-84.1%

 

 

10


The following table summarizes stock option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2017:

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Shares   Issuable

Under   Options

 

 

Weighted   Average

Exercise   Price

 

Outstanding as of December 31, 2016

 

 

3,268

 

 

$

14.84

 

Granted

 

 

280

 

 

 

19.74

 

Exercised

 

 

(59

)

 

 

9.47

 

Cancelled

 

 

(23

)

 

 

17.86

 

Outstanding as of March 31, 2017

 

 

3,466

 

 

$

16.20

 

Options vested and expected to vest at March 31, 2017

 

 

3,466

 

 

$

16.20

 

Options exercisable at March 31, 2017

 

 

1,337

 

 

$

13.28

 

 

Approximately 189,300 outstanding restricted stock units (“RSUs”) are included in outstanding at March 31, 2017.  The RSUs are performance based awards which will only begin vesting if and when a specified corporate performance based milestone is achieved. No outstanding performance awards were vested as of March 31, 2017.

The aggregate intrinsic value of options is calculated as the difference between the exercise price of the options and the fair value of the Company’s common stock for those options that had exercise prices lower than the fair value of the Company’s common stock. A total of approximately 59,000 options, with an aggregate intrinsic value of approximately $666,000, were exercised during the three months ended March 31, 2017.

At March 31, 2017 and 2016, there were options for the purchase of approximately 3,466,000 and 2,176,000 shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding, respectively, with a weighted average remaining contractual term of 8.2 years and with a weighted average exercise price of $16.20 and $15.16 per share, respectively.

The weighted average grant date fair value of options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 was $12.70 and $12.82, respectively.

Stock-based Compensation

The Company recorded stock-based compensation expense related to stock options for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 as follows:

 

 

 

Three months ended

March 31,

 

 

(In thousands)

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

Research and development

 

$

879

 

 

$

537

 

 

General and administrative

 

 

1,499

 

 

 

1,104

 

 

 

 

$

2,378

 

 

$

1,641

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2017 unrecognized stock-based compensation expense for stock options outstanding was approximately $22,088,000, which was expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 3.0 years.       

Restricted Stock Units

On January 4, 2016, the Company granted RSUs with performance and time-based vesting conditions to certain executives.  These RSUs vest, and the underlying shares of common stock become deliverable, in the event the Company receives approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) of a new drug application (“NDA”) for Zilretta (the Milestone ).  Depending on when and if the Milestone is achieved, the maximum aggregate number of shares of the Company’s common stock available to be earned under these awards is 189,300 with an approximate value of $3,997,000 as of the grant date.  The amount of earned shares decreases the longer it takes to achieve the Milestone. If the Milestone is not achieved prior to July 1, 2018, these awards will not vest, will be forfeited in their entirety and no shares of common stock will be delivered.  Since it is not possible for the Company to determine the probability of the performance condition being achieved, no compensation costs will be recorded until the Milestone is achieved.  If the Milestone is achieved prior to the termination date, compensation costs will be recognized over the remaining requisite service period of these awards, beginning on the Milestone achievement date.

 

 

11


9. Net Loss per Share

Basic and diluted net loss per share was calculated as follows for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016:

 

 

 

For the three months ended

March 31,

 

 

(In thousands)

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(23,879

)

 

$

(16,815

)

 

Net loss:

 

$

(23,879

)

 

$

(16,815

)

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic and

   diluted

 

 

31,704

 

 

 

21,570

 

 

Net loss per share, basic and diluted

 

$

(0.75

)

 

$

(0.78

)

 

 

Stock options and RSUs representing 3,504,000 and 2,378,000 weighted average shares of common stock were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. These equity awards were excluded from the computations because the awards had an anti-dilutive impact due to the net loss incurred for those periods.

 

 

10. Long-term Debt

On August 4, 2015, the Company entered into a credit and security agreement with MidCap Financial Trust, as agent, and MidCap Financial Funding XIII Trust and Silicon Valley Bank, as lenders, (the “Lenders”), to borrow up to $30,000,000 in term loans. The Company concurrently borrowed an initial term loan of $15,000,000 under the facility. The Company granted the Lenders a security interest in substantially all of its personal property, rights and assets, other than intellectual property, to secure the payment of all amounts owed under the credit facility. The Company agreed not to encumber any of its intellectual property without the Lenders’ prior written consent. The Company also agreed to maintain a balance in cash or cash equivalents at Silicon Valley Bank equal to the principal balance of the loan plus 5% for so long as the Company maintains any cash or cash equivalents in non-secured bank accounts.

On July 22, 2016, the Company borrowed the remaining $15,000,000 under the credit and security agreement, in the form of a second term loan after receiving positive Phase 3 Zilretta clinical trial data meeting the trial’s primary endpoint and which is sufficient to file an NDA for Zilretta.  The second term loan is subject to the same credit terms as the initial term loan under the facility.

The credit and security agreement also contains certain representations, warranties, and covenants of the Company as well as a material adverse event clause. As of March 31, 2017, the Company was compliant with all covenants.

Borrowings under the credit facility accrue interest monthly at a fixed interest rate of 6.25% per annum. Following an interest-only period of 19 months, principal will be due in 36 equal monthly installments commencing March 1, 2017 and ending February 1, 2020 (the “maturity date”). Upon the maturity date, the Company will be obligated to pay a final payment equal to 9% of the total principal amounts borrowed under the facility. The final payment amount is being accreted to the carrying value of the debt using the effective interest rate method. As of March 31, 2017, the carrying value of the term loan was approximately $29,875,000, of which $9,967,000 was due within 12 months and $19,908,000 was due in greater than 12 months.

In connection with the credit and security agreement, the Company incurred debt issuance costs totaling approximately $150,000. These costs are being amortized over the estimated term of the debt using the straight-line method which approximates the effective interest method.  The Company deducted the debt issuance costs from the carrying amount of the debt as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016.

12


As of March 31, 2017, annual principal and in terest payments due under the 2015 term loan are as follows:  

 

Year

 

Aggregate

Minimum

Payments

(in thousands)

 

2017

 

$

8,734

 

2018

 

 

11,082

 

2019

 

 

10,448

 

2020

 

 

4,383

 

Total

 

$

34,647

 

Less interest

 

 

(2,072

)

Less final payment

 

 

(2,700

)

Total

 

$

29,875

 

 

 

11. Foreign Currency

 

The Company maintains a bank account denominated in British Pounds.  All foreign currency payables and cash balances are measured at the applicable exchange rate at the end of the reporting period.  All associated gains and losses from foreign currency transactions are reflected in the consolidated statements of operations.  Foreign currency losses for the three months ended March 31, 2017 were $0.1 million, compared to zero for the three months ended March 31, 2016.

 

 

12. Subsequent Event

 

On May 2, 2017, the Company completed an offering of convertible senior notes with a principal amount of $175 million maturing in 2024.  In addition, the initial buyers exercised their option to purchase approximately $26 million of additional principal of the notes. The notes are general unsecured obligation of the Company and will accrue interest at a rate of  3.375 %, payable semiannually in arrears.  The notes will be convertible, at the option of the holders if the Company’s stock maintains a price of 130% or greater of the conversion price for a specified period, into cash, shares of the Company’s common stock, or a combination of cash and shares, as determined by the Company.

13


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIO NS

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and accompanying notes included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the financial statements and accompanying notes thereto for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016 and the related Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, both of which are contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed by us with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, on March 10, 2017.

Forward-Looking Statements

This discussion and analysis contains “forward-looking statements” that is statements related to future, not past, events – as defined in Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act that reflect our current expectations regarding future development activities, results of operations, financial condition, cash flows, performance and business prospects, and opportunities, as well as assumptions made by and information currently available to our management. Forward looking statements, include any statement that does not directly related to a current historical fact. The Company has tried to identify forward-looking statements by using words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “predict,” “potential,” “believe,” “should” and similar expressions. Although we believe the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, events, levels of activity, performance or achievement. We undertake no obligation to update these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this report or to reflect actual outcomes.

Overview

We are a specialty pharmaceutical company focused on the development and commercialization of novel, local therapies for the treatment of patients with musculoskeletal conditions, beginning with osteoarthritis, a type of degenerative arthritis, referred to as OA.  

In May 2016, the U.S Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, informed us that the safety and efficacy data from the registration program for Zilretta TM  (FX006), our lead investigational product candidate, were acceptable to support the submission of a new drug application, or NDA. In December 2016, we submitted the NDA for Zilretta, and in February 2017, we announced that the FDA accepted the Zilretta NDA for filing and has established a user fee goal date under the Prescription Drug User Fee Act, or PDUFA, of October 6, 2017.

We were incorporated in Delaware in November 2007, and to date we have devoted substantially all of our resources to developing our product candidates, including conducting clinical trials with our product candidates, providing general and administrative support for these operations and protecting our intellectual property. We do not have any products approved for sale and have not generated any revenue from product sales. From our inception through March 31, 2017, we have funded our operations primarily through the sale of our common stock and convertible preferred stock and, to a lesser extent, debt financing. From our inception through March 31, 2017, we have raised $422.3 million from such transactions, including from our initial and follow-on public offerings. Until such time, if ever, as we can generate substantial product revenue, we expect to finance our cash needs through a combination of equity offerings, debt financings, government or third-party funding, and licensing or collaboration arrangements.

Zilretta —Late Stage Candidate for Intra-articular Therapy for Patients with Moderate to Severe OA Pain

 

Zilretta is an injectable, extended-release, intra-articular, or IA, meaning “in the joint,” steroid that we are developing as a treatment for patients with moderate to severe OA pain. We specifically designed Zilretta to combine a commonly administered steroid, triamcinolone acetonide, or TA, with poly lactic-co-glycolic acid, referred to as PLGA, with the goal of providing extended therapeutic concentrations in the joint and persistent analgesic effect. Zilretta is intended to address the limitations of current IA therapies by providing extended, local analgesia while avoiding systemic side effects, which are effects that can occur throughout the body as a result of drug that is released from the site of injection into circulating blood. To date, we have completed seven clinical trials, and more than 800 patients with OA of the knee have been treated with Zilretta. The overall frequency of treatment-related adverse events in these trials has been similar to those observed with placebo and no drug-related serious adverse events have been reported. Both the magnitude and duration of pain relief provided by Zilretta in clinical trials have been shown to be clinically meaningful with the magnitude of pain relief amongst the largest seen to date in OA clinical trials.

Based on the strength of our pivotal and other clinical trials, we believe that Zilretta has the potential to address a significant unmet medical need for OA pain management by providing safe, effective and extended pain relief. Zilretta is an injectable, IA, extended-release investigational treatment for patients with moderate to severe OA pain, and we believe it is uniquely distinguished by the following attributes:

 

significant improvements in validated OA specific measures compared to the current injectable standard of care,

14


 

significant pain relief against placebo as measured by the weekly mean of the Average Daily Pain, or ADP, score in the phase 3 trial :

 

demonstrating at week 12, the primary endpoint, at p value of <0.0001, 2 sided

 

at each week beginning at week1 and continuing through week 16

 

demonstrating, on average, an approximately 50 percent reduction in pain from baseline over weeks 1 through 12

 

persistent therapeutic concentrations of drug in the joint and durable efficacy,

 

statistically significant (p<0.05, 2-sided) reduction in the rise of blood glucose compared to that observed following immediate-release TA injection in Type 2 diabetic patients who also have knee OA,

 

reduced rescue medicine consumption compared with placebo and immediate-release TA, and

 

an acceptable safety profile with limited systemic exposures and the potential for fewer serious side effects compared to oral treatment options for OA pain.

 

amongst the largest analgesic effects seen in OA clinical trials.

In December 2016, we submitted the NDA for Zilretta, and in February 2017, we announced that the FDA accepted the Zilretta NDA for filing and has established a user fee goal date under the Prescription Drug User Fee Act, or PDUFA, of October 6, 2017.  Additionally, there has been strong enrollment in our clinical trial to evaluate the safety of repeat administration of Zilretta in patients with OA of the knee. The repeat dose study is expected to be fully enrolled in the second half of 2017, and the data readout is anticipated in 2018.  

Financial Overview

Revenue

We have not generated any revenue since our inception. We do not have any products approved for sale, and we do not expect to generate any revenue from the sale of products in the near future. In the future, if our research and development efforts result in clinical success and regulatory approval, we may generate revenue from the sales of our product candidates, including Zilretta, or we may generate revenue from licensing rights to our product candidates to third parties. If we fail to complete the development of Zilretta or other product candidates, our ability to generate future revenue and our results of operations and financial position will be adversely affected.

Operating Expenses

The majority of our operating expenses to date have been related to the development activities of Zilretta.

Research and Development Expenses

Since our inception, we have focused our resources on our development activities, including: preclinical studies, clinical trials, and chemistry, manufacturing, and controls, or (CMC). Our development expenses consist primarily of:

 

expenses incurred under agreements with consultants, contract research organizations, or CROs, and investigative sites that conduct our preclinical studies and clinical trials;

 

costs of acquiring, developing and manufacturing clinical trial materials;

 

personnel costs, including salaries, benefits, stock-based compensation and travel expenses for employees engaged in scientific research and development functions;

 

costs related to compliance with regulatory requirements;

 

expenses related to the in-license of certain technologies from pharmaceutical companies; and

 

allocated expenses for rent and maintenance of facilities, insurance and other general overhead.

We expense research and development costs as incurred. Our direct research and development expenses consist primarily of external-based costs, such as fees paid to investigators, consultants, investigative sites, CROs and companies that manufacture our clinical trial materials and potential future commercial supplies, and are tracked on a program-by-program basis. We do not allocate personnel costs, facilities or other indirect expenses to specific research and development programs. These indirect expenses are included within the amounts designated as “Personnel and other costs” in the table below.

15


The following table summarizes our research and development expenses for t he periods presented:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

(In thousands)

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

Direct research and development expenses by program:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Zilretta

 

$

4,772

 

 

$

8,108

 

 

FX007

 

 

 

 

 

205

 

 

Portfolio expansion

 

 

328

 

 

 

97

 

 

Other

 

 

234

 

 

 

138

 

 

Total direct research and development expenses

 

 

5,334

 

 

 

8,548

 

 

Personnel and other costs

 

 

5,422

 

 

 

3,433

 

 

Total research and development expenses

 

$

10,756

 

 

$

11,981

 

 

 

The Company previously performed research and development for the U.S. Department of Defense under a cost reimbursable grant for a Phase 2 clinical trial investigating Zilretta in active military and medically retired veterans with post-traumatic knee OA Reimbursements were recorded as an offset to research and development expenses when invoices for allowable costs were prepared and submitted to the U.S. Department of Defense. Due to the challenges of enrolling military personnel with post-traumatic knee OA, we discontinued this Phase 2 trial and terminated the grant.  Payments under cost reimbursable grants with agencies of the U.S. government were provisional payments subject to adjustment upon audit by the U.S. government. We were reimbursed for approximately $757,000 under the grant.

Our research and development expenses are expected to increase in the foreseeable future. Specifically, our costs associated with Zilretta will increase as we conduct additional clinical trials, make initial investments for commercial product supply, and further the manufacturing process in anticipation of validation and commercialization, including the costs for the build-out of the portion of the dedicated manufacturing facility with our contract manufacturer, Patheon UK Limited, or Patheon. Evonik Corporation, or Evonik, our supplier of PLGA for Zilretta, had previously manufactured finished drug product for our Zilretta clinical trial materials; however, in early 2016 we decided to use Patheon as our sole supplier of Zilretta finished drug product for clinical trials and commercial supply.  We impaired approximately $2,265,000 in manufacturing equipment located at the Evonik facility, resulting in a loss of $2,180,000 which was recorded in research and development expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2016.

We cannot determine with certainty the duration of and completion costs associated with future clinical trials of Zilretta or the regulatory approval process. The duration, costs and timing associated with the development and commercialization of Zilretta will depend on a variety of factors, including uncertainties associated with the results of our clinical trials and our ability to obtain regulatory approval. As a result of these uncertainties, we are currently unable to estimate with any precision our future research and development expenses for any product candidate, when or if we will achieve regulatory approval, generate revenue from sales of any product candidate or achieve a positive cash flow position.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses consist primarily of personnel costs, including salaries, related benefits, travel expenses and stock-based compensation of our executive, finance, business development, commercial, information technology, legal and human resources functions. Other general and administrative expenses include an allocation of facility-related costs, patent filing expenses, and professional fees for legal, consulting, auditing and tax services.

We anticipate that our general and administrative expenses will increase in the future as we continue to build our corporate and commercial infrastructure to support the continued development and potential launch of Zilretta or any other product candidates. Additionally, we anticipate increased expenses related to the audit, legal and compliance, regulatory, investor relations and tax-related services associated with maintaining compliance with the Securities and Exchange Commission and Nasdaq requirements and healthcare laws and compliance requirements, director and officer insurance premiums and other costs associated with operating as a publicly-traded company.

Other Income (Expense)

Interest income.  Interest income consists of interest earned on our cash and cash equivalents balances and our marketable securities. The primary objective of our investment policy is capital preservation.

Interest expense.  We have borrowed $30.0 million under our 2015 term loan facility, and we incur interest related to this borrowing at a fixed rate of 6.25% per annum. We expect to incur future interest expense related to this borrowing until February 1,

16


2020, as well as interest expense related to the convertible senior notes issued on May 2, 2017 as disclosed in footnote twelve in these financial statements.

Foreign currency gain (loss). We maintain a bank account denominated in British Pounds.  All foreign currency payables and cash balances are measured at the applicable exchange rate at the end of the reporting period.  All associated gains and losses from foreign currency transactions are reflected in the consolidated statements of operations, within other income and expense.

Other expense.  Other expense consists of the net amortization of premiums and discounts related to our marketable securities, and our realized gains (losses) on redemptions of our marketable securities. We will continue to incur expenses related to net amortization of premiums on marketable securities for as long as we hold these investments.

Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Judgments and Estimates

Our management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our financial statements, which we have prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or GAAP. The preparation of our financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of our financial statements, and the reported revenue and expenses during the reported periods. We evaluate these estimates and judgments, including those described below, on an ongoing basis. We base our estimates on historical experience, known trends and events, contractual milestones and various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

We believe that the estimates, assumptions and judgments involved in the accounting policies described in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 have the greatest potential impact on our financial statements, so we consider them to be our critical accounting policies and estimates. There were no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates during the three months ended March 31, 2017.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Comparison of the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016

The following tables summarize our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2017:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(In thousands)

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

Change

 

 

%   Increase/

(Decrease)

 

Revenue

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

10,756

 

 

 

11,981

 

 

 

(1,225

)

 

 

(10.2

)%

General and administrative

 

 

13,026

 

 

 

4,692

 

 

 

8,334

 

 

 

177.6

%

Total operating expenses

 

 

23,782

 

 

 

16,673

 

 

 

7,109

 

 

 

42.6

%

Loss from operations

 

 

(23,782

)

 

 

(16,673

)

 

 

(7,109

)

 

 

42.6

%

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

557

 

 

 

336

 

 

 

221

 

 

 

65.8

%

Interest expense

 

 

(632

)

 

 

(276

)

 

 

(356

)

 

 

129.0

%

Other expense

 

 

(22

)

 

 

(202

)

 

 

180

 

 

 

(89.1

)%

Total other income (expense)

 

 

(97

)

 

 

(142

)

 

 

45

 

 

 

(31.7

)%

Net loss

 

$

(23,879

)

 

$

(16,815

)

 

$

(7,064

)

 

 

42.0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17


Research and Development Expenses

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

(In thousands)

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

Direct research and development expenses by program:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Zilretta

 

$

4,772

 

 

$

8,108

 

 

FX007

 

 

 

 

 

205

 

 

Portfolio expansion

 

 

328

 

 

 

97

 

 

Other

 

 

234

 

 

 

138

 

 

Total direct research and development expenses

 

 

5,334

 

 

 

8,548

 

 

Personnel and other costs

 

 

5,422

 

 

 

3,433

 

 

Total research and development expenses

 

$

10,756

 

 

$

11,981

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development expenses were $10.8 million and $12.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The decrease in research and development expenses year over year of $1.2 million was primarily due to the $2.3 million loss recorded on the disposal of manufacturing equipment for the three months ended March 31, 2016, a $1.0 million decrease in development expenses for Zilretta, including CMC and clinical trial costs, and a $0.2 million decrease related to the termination of the FX007 program. This decrease was offset by an increase of $2.0 million in personnel and other employee-related costs for additional headcount and stock compensation expense, and an increase of $0.3 million in preclinical expenses related to our portfolio expansion and other program costs.       

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses were $13.0 million and $4.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The increase in general and administrative expenses of $8.3 million was primarily due to additional costs associated with building a commercial infrastructure to effectively support the potential commercialization of Zilretta, including increases in public relations and promotional expenses, market research expenses, and salary and related costs associated with additional headcount cost related to the creation of commercial marketing and sales capabilities, and stock compensation expense.        

Other Income (Expense)

Interest income was $0.6 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.   The increase in interest income was primarily due to an increase in average investment balance yield during 2017.

Interest expense was $0.6 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.    The increase in interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2017 was primarily due to interest incurred on the $30 million borrowed under our 2015 term loan.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

To date, we have not generated any revenue and have incurred losses since our inception in 2007. As of March 31, 2017, we had an accumulated deficit of $235.6 million. We anticipate that we will continue to incur losses for the foreseeable future. We expect that our research and development and general and administrative expenses will continue to increase and, as a result, we will need additional capital to fund our operations, which we may seek to obtain through one or more equity offerings, debt and convertible debt financings, government or other third-party funding, and licensing or collaboration arrangements.

Since our inception through March 31, 2017, we have funded our operations primarily through the sale of our common stock and convertible preferred stock and, to a lesser extent, debt financing. From our inception through March 31, 2017, we have raised $422.3 million from such transactions, including amounts from our initial and follow-on public offerings during 2014 and 2016. As of March 31, 2017, we had cash and cash equivalents of $42.9 million and marketable securities of $144.6 million. Based on our current operating plan we anticipate that our existing cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, together with the gross proceeds of approximately $201 million from our recent convertible debt offering, will fund our operations for at least the next twelve months from the date of issuance of these financial statements. Cash in excess of immediate requirements is invested in accordance with our investment policy, primarily with a view to capital preservation.

18


The following table shows a summary of our cash flows for each of the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016:

 

 

 

Three   Months Ended March 31,

 

(In thousands)

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Cash flows used in operating activities

 

$

(21,394

)

 

$

(13,996

)

Cash flows provided by investing activities

 

 

33,769

 

 

 

9,997

 

Cash flows used in financing activities

 

 

(369

)

 

 

(42

)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

$

12,006

 

 

$

(4,041

)

 

Net Cash Used in Operating Activities

Operating activities used $21.4 million of cash in the three months ended March 31, 2017. The cash flow used in operating activities resulted primarily from our net loss of $23.9 million for the period and cash used for changes in our operating assets and liabilities of $0.2 million, partially offset by non-cash charges of $2.7 million. Our non-cash charges consisted primarily of $2.4 million of stock-based compensation expense and $0.6 million of depreciation and amortization.  Net cash used for changes in our operating assets and liabilities consisted primarily of a $0.5 million increase in our prepaid expenses and other current assets due primarily to insurance costs, partially offset by an increase of $0.3 million in accounts payable and accrued expenses.

Operating activities used $14.0 million of cash in the three months ended March 31, 2016. The cash flow used in operating activities resulted primarily from our net loss of $16.8 million for the period and cash used for changes in our operating assets and liabilities of $1.5 million, partially offset by non-cash charges of $4.3 million. Our non-cash charges consisted primarily of $1.6 million of stock-based compensation expense and $2.3 million of loss related to the disposal of our fixed assets ($2.2 million at Evonik), and $0.4 million of depreciation and amortization. Net cash used for changes in our operating assets and liabilities consisted primarily of a $0.6 million increase in prepaid expenses and other current assets due primarily to insurance costs and a decrease of $1.0 million in accounts payable.

Net Cash Provided by Investing Activities

Net cash provided by investing activities was $33.8 million in the three months ended March 31, 2017. Net cash used in investing activities consisted primarily of cash received for the redemption and sale of marketable securities of $60.3 million, partially offset by cash used to purchase marketable securities of $25.5 million.  In addition, $1.0 million of cash was used to purchase manufacturing equipment.

Net cash used in investing activities was $10.0 million in the three months ended March 31, 2016. Net cash used in investing activities consisted primarily of cash received for the redemption and sale of marketable securities of $16.1 million, partially offset by cash used to purchase marketable securities of $3.0 million. In addition, $3.1 million of cash was used to purchase property and equipment.

Net Cash Used in Financing Activities

Financing activities used $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017.   Net cash used in financing activities in the three months ended March 31, 2017 consisted of $0.8 million related to the payment of principal on our 2015 term loan and $0.1 million in public offering expenses incurred as part of our November 2016 equity offering, partially offset by $0.6 million received from the exercise of stock options.

Net cash used in financing activities in the three months ended March 31, 2016 was less than $0.1  million and consisted of payment of debt issuance costs.

Contractual Obligations

In February 2017, we and Alexandria Real Estate Equities, Inc. entered into a five year lease for laboratory space located in Woburn, Massachusetts with a total cash obligation of approximately $0.9 million.   There have been no other material changes to our contractual obligations and commitments outside the ordinary course of business from those described under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Contractual Obligations and Commitments” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

During the periods presented, we did not have, nor do we currently have, any off-balance sheet arrangements.

19


ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATI VE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Our primary exposure to market risk is interest income sensitivity, which is affected by changes in the general level of U.S. interest rates. Due to the short-term duration of a majority of our investment portfolio and the low risk profile of our investments, an immediate 10.0% change in interest rates would not have a material effect on the fair market value of our portfolio. Accordingly, we would not expect our operating results or cash flows to be affected to any significant degree by a sudden change in market interest rates on our investment portfolio.

Our 2015 term loan carries a fixed interest rate and, thus, we are subject to limited interest rate risk.

We do not believe that our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities have significant risk of default or illiquidity. While we believe our cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities are invested with the goal of capital preservation, we cannot provide absolute assurance that in the future our investments will not be subject to adverse changes in market value. In addition, we maintain significant amounts of cash and cash equivalents at one or more financial institutions that are in excess of federally insured limits.

Most of our transactions are conducted in the U.S. dollar. We do have certain agreements with vendors located outside the United States, which have transactions conducted primarily in British Pounds and Euros. As of March 31, 2017 we had approximately $0.4 million in payables to vendors denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. A hypothetical 10% change in foreign exchange rates would not have a material effect on the value of our liability.  As of March 31, 2017, we also had approximately $7.2 million in cash denominated in British Pounds.  A hypothetical 10% change in foreign exchange rates would result in either a $0.5 million increase, in the event the U.S. dollar strengthens relative to the British Pound, or a $0.6 million decrease, in the event the U.S. dollar weakens relative to the British Pound, of cash denominated in British Pounds.

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We are responsible for maintaining disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act. Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures designed to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Based on our management’s evaluation (with the participation of our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer) of our disclosure controls and procedures as required by Rule 13a-15 under the Exchange Act,